You should write a short essay on each of the following questions.
1. The field of African and African American studies is a relatively new area of academic inquiry. Discuss some of the major challenges that the field has had to overcome to become an established and legitimate academic field.
2. What were some of the basic features of the states that emerged in the Nile valley? How does one explain some of the differences that came to exist among them?
3. Discuss the impact of the Atlantic slave trade and slavery on Africa, the United States and Europe. What were the defining characteristics of the institution of slavery in America that distinguished it from slavery in Africa and Asia?