2. Effective public entities, organizations, include inspired leadership, talented managers, motivated employees
and a strong culture. Appropriate organizational systems like communication, supervision, personnel and
budgeting are important as well. Each of these could well be the basis of an essay but for your comprehensive
examination question please focus only on the last one budgeting – for your municipal entity (be it where you
work or where you live).
The old saying that the budget is a citys most important policy document is the basis of this essay. a) Begin
your essay by explaining this phrase/quote. Next please b) discuss the idea of the budget as a political
document and examine this assertion. Budgets embody any organizations values as well. Thirdly, please c)
analyze the idea of a budget reflecting the values of the organization i) as a control mechanism, ii) as a
planning tool, iii) as an implementation framework, and iv) as a performance evaluation metric. Conclude your
essay with a discussion of how you would use the budget to accomplish these tasks and set the values and
policy for the future of your workplace.