Explain the results obtained and possible reasons for discrepancies and limitation.

Dynamic Line Rating – System Impact Study

Investigating the impacts of the implementation of Dynamic Line Rating on (IRELAND’s) power system.

Overhead Line Transmission System 400kV




– This will involve quantifying the increase in Capacity for Generations (in Ireland) with the wide spread implementation of Dynamic Line Ratings on the all-island power system in that region. This is of particular interest in the case of wind farm generators.

– It would also involve identifying particular areas of the system that system operation could benefit from Dynamic Line Rating implementation.

– Furthermore, the effects of Dynamic Line Rating implementation on the production cost of the electricity system.



Recommendation report identifying particular areas of the transmission system which could benefit from Dynamic Line Rating implementation.

Comparative analysis production costs of the transmission system with and without Dynamic Line Rating for a number of scenarios.

Recommendation report on the most accurate way to model Dynamic Line Rating for steady-state and dynamics analysis.

Recommendation on the use (or not) of Dynamic Line Rating, partial or fully.

Presentation to relevant staff at conclusion of thesis.

Tools Required:

* PSS/E – Steady-state analysis

* Plexos/Promod – Production cost modelling

Instructions for the written work

ABSTRACT (300 – 400 words or ½ page max) – This should be a condensed version of the project report, emphasizing what was done and the results achieved in concise summary fashion. This is the frequently read section of an engineering report or paper and consequently should be well written. It also should probably be written last.

INTRODUCTION – Briefly discuss the general motivation or application area for the project. Discuss the goals for the project. The use of a table for the project specifications is highly recommended. Discuss your basic approach and related literature (citing reference numbers for references listed in the back.) Discuss the specific contributions you made with this work and why they might be of interest to the reader. The introduction sets the stage for understanding of the project, what you did, and why it is important or interesting, as well as puts the work in proper context compared to the current information. You should be able to point to relevant background literature.

METHODS – Discuss the relevant theory and the simulation/research approaches used in arriving at your design. Cite relevant references where appropriate. Outline the design/research approach and the areas that required careful attention. Assume you are writing for another student to be able to perform a similar design.

DESCRIPTION OF DESIGN/EXPERIMENT – Provide and discuss schematics, diagrams/experiments and /or pictures of your design. Include statistics in your data analysis (sample size, mean, standard deviations, ANOVA etc..wherever appropriate)

MEASURED AND SIMULATED RESULTSReport the results for your design/experiments.

DISCUSSION: Explain the results obtained and possible reasons for discrepancies and limitation.

CONCLUSIONS/RECOMMENDATIONSDiscuss the conclusions reached regarding the degree of success of your design approach, important lessons learned, and recommendations for others who may try a similar design.


Cited references are to be written in accepted (Harvard or APA) styles of technical writing. Guidelines for Harvard style can be easily found by doing a simple web search. Referencing of websites and figures is critical in text.

*Also the inclusion of tables, diagrams, calculations, analysis and mathematical/statistical models are required.

Instructions for the editing and re-writing

  • Please note that thesis is uncompleted and it needs major revision.
  • The thesis has to have additional sections in order to cover the criteria please.
  • Additional tables, diagrams, photos are required please.
  • Calculation of power and capacity in regard to 400 kV systems are needed please.
  • Feel free to cancel and/or edit some irrelative sections or information.
  • Kindly I would like the entire thesis to be provided in a high quality to meet the Master’s Thesis (dissertation) level please.
  • I have several pdf references belong to the topic, and it is recommended to have references from your side please.
  • The references lists need to be checked and have an APA formatting.
  • Some sections need to be rearranged to have a cohesive content.

Thank you

Proposed contents:

Declaration (later)

Acknowledgments (later)

Table of contents

List of Diagrams

List of Charts

List of Abbreviations


Chapter 1: Introduction

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Background to the research

1.3 Objectives of the research

1.4 Scope of the research

1.5 Structure of the research

Chapter 2: Literature review (Approximately 3500 words)

Literature survey on Dynamic Line Rating

Chapter 3: Electric Transmission in Ireland

Chapter 3: Dynamic Line Rating

3.1 Definition of Dynamic Line Rating

3.2 Overview of Dynamic Line Rating

3.2.1 History of DLR Technologies

3.2.2 Technical Approach

3.2.3 DLR Devices and Software

3.2.4 Expected Benefits of DLR Systems.

3.3 Thermal model for Overhead Lines

3.3.1 Dynamic Thermal Rating Systems (DTR)

3.3.2 Thermal Models for Power Line Rating

3.4 Standards for Line Rating

3.5 Line Ampacity Rating

3.6 Surge Impedance Loading

3.6 Dynamic Monitoring

3.6.1 Distributed Series Reactors

3.6.2 Span Sentry

3.6.3 EDM Current Monitoring

3.6.4 Loadings and Congestion

3.6.5 Wind Farms Incentive

3.7 Targets (or other name)

3.7.1 Climate change

3.7.2 Carbo Dioxide

3.7.3 Health effects

3.8 Integration of Wind Energy

3.8.1 Wind effects on overhead line

3.9 Comparisons between overhead lines and underground cables

-capital costs (table)                            -operating costs (table)

Chapter 4: Methodology

4.1 Data collection process

4.2 Data analysis

4.3 Measures

Chapter 5: Research results

Results in Dynamic Line Rating

Results in Dynamic Thermal Rating System

Chapter 6: Findings and Discussions

6.1 Findings

6.2 Discussions

6.2.1 Discrepancies

6.2.2 Limitations.

Chapter 7: Conclusions and Recommendations

7.1 Conclusions

7.2 Recommendation report

Some references:

  • Dynamic Line Rating Systems for Transmission Lines: Topical Report (American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009)
  • The Future of the Electric Grid : an interdisciplinary MIT study.
  • Ultra high voltage transmission: Alternative scenarios for long distance bulk power  transmission – 800 kV HVDC and 1000 kV HVAC
  • Fu, J., Morrow, D. J., Abdelkader, S. and Fox, B. (2011) Impact of dynamic line rating on power systems, January ed., translated by IEEE Computer Society
  • Hosek, J. (2011) ‘Dyanamic thermal rating of power transmission lines and renewable resources
  • Brinckerhoff and Parsons (2012) ‘Electricity Transmission Costing Study’, An Independent Report Endorsed by the Institution of Engineering & Technology,
  • Pytlak, P., Musilek, P. and Doucet, J. (2011) Using dynamic thermal rating systems to reduce power generation emissions, translated by Detroit, MI
  • Andersson Ljus, M. (2013) ‘Dynamic Line Rating-Thermal Line Model and Control’, CODEN: LU TEDX/TEIE
  • Kladar, D. (2014) ‘Dynamic Line Rating in the world: overview
  • 2015 Standard Transmission, Distribution and Operation and Maintenance Charges, Commission for Energy Regulation
  • Dynamic Thermal Rating of Power Transmission Lines Related to Wind Energy Integration,( Jana Heckenbergerová, Jiří Hošek)
  • eirgrid.com EirGrid plc is the state-owned electric power transmission operator in Ireland
  • All-Island Ten Year Transmission Forecast Statement 2013

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