Explain the relations of development with the subheadings, answers doesn’t have to be essay form but answers should be separated in each numbered subheading
1)Population and development
-The classic stages of the demographic transition and their applicability to current population trends in the Global South
-Causes of the population explosion (such as medical developments, industrialization)
– What are Future demographic scenarios
-How population growth affects development
what happens when its too fast
what happens when its too slow
How development affects population in short and long term?
Long term: (ex: development will limit population growth l since adults will not need their kids for labor and economic source)
Ernest Ravensteins Laws of Migration and their relevance today
-Migration is governed by a push/pull process.
-The volume of migration decreases as distance increases.
-Migration occurs in stages rather than in one big move.
-Gender, age and social class influence a persons ability to migrate.
Trends in migration
Blurring of the distinction between origin, transit and destination
International migration and development:
3)Environment and development
Expleain Pessimists’ view:
Limits to Growth
Environmental externalities of development
Race to the bottom in environmental standards; pollution havens
Explain Optimists’ view
-The Environmental Kuznets Curve
-criticism : environmental damage moves countries with development,
Market- based solutions to environmental problems
North v. South
Divisions within the South
Common environmental challenges in the South
4)Development and Culture
Social evolution: Spencer, Durkheim
Weber: Protestantism as the origin of capitalism
Contemporary accounts- cultural explanations of development as dependent on religion and culture
Critique of culturalist theories- essentialism, no explanation of chronology, neglect of other factors