State your thesis statement that is your professional opinion.Briefly explain the organization of the paper. For example, if there is a major controversy in this literature, briefly describe the controversy and state that you will present research supporting first one side, and then the other. Or, if three methodologies have been used to address the question, briefly describe them and then state that you will compare the results obtained by the three methods.Begin by broadly discussing the literature. Then, narrow your review to the studies that are most related to your research question. Your literature review should resemble a funnel – wide (broad) at the top and narrow (focused) at the bottom.
Ensure that at least one article (but no more than two) supports the opposing side to your thesis.Describe studies in enough detail that the reader has a general sense of the study’s hypothesis, methods, and findings.Evaluate the studies. Do not provide article summaries; rather, provide descriptive and scholarly evaluations of the research.Discuss implications of studies (i.e., your judgment of what the studies show and where to go from here). It is common (and often better) to combine the description and evaluation sections. If you do combine them, do not forget to evaluate them.State your conclusion that reaffirms your professional opinion.