Section A: Answer all questions, 250-500 words each (approximately 2-3 paragraphs each). 50 points What mission does Socrates take on after his trip to the Oracle of Delphi? What does he discover that disheartens him after proceeding with his mission? Why is this important? What is the Foundation Myth or the “magnificent myth?” What role does it serve in the Kallipolis? Why might it be considered controversial? What are the forms of government that are less and less similar to the Kallipolis? List the mechanism of each government’s decline. How does Machiavelli define human nature? What kinds of “constitutions” does Machiavelli talk about? Which are the best/worst? What kind did Rome have? Section B: Answer one question of your choice, 800-1200 words (approximately 2-3 pages) 50 points Compare/contrast Plato and Machiavelli’s ideal political systems. Who are the rulers? What are their characteristics? Explain Thrasymachus’ view of justice in the Republic. How does it compare/contrast to Machiavelli’s view of political virtù? Why do you think we bother reading The Republic, one of the “great books” of Western philosophy, when so much of it is impractical? Your chance for a little creativity: pick a political figure you are interested in and imagine how Plato and Machiavelli might advise him or her on a particular issue or problem. Reference as much of the readings as you can. Grading Rubric Content: Present their arguments/theories thoroughly but succinctly Provide a correct explanation of the thinker’s insights, ideas, and arguments in relation to the question. Be as broad as you can; for each subject, we have covered more than one selection. Do not simply summarize everything a thinker ever said: make sure what you cite is relevant and mostly in your own words. You may quote or paraphrase but I am more interested what you have to say. Logic of organization Grammar and mechanics Proper citation All papers must include a Works Cited, even if you just use the assigned readings and lectures. If you quote or paraphrase, be sure to cite page numbers. A majority of your citations should be from primary sources. A note on the Internet: use with caution. There are a number of good sources on the internet, like the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, and other sites based off of university departments. Do not use other, less reliable sources, like (of course) Wikipedia, blogs, and other sources which cannot be authenticated. There is a good possibility that the information they provide is incorrect. Cite everything you use
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